Heidler Hardwood Lumber

QTD/Rift Hard Maple

Thickness Grade Footage
4/4" Select & FAS 29920
4/4" #1 Common 1915
6/4" Select & FAS 2840
8/4" Select & FAS 7795

Specie Information

    Hard Maple
    Acer saccharum, Acer nigrum
    Other Name: Sugar Maple, Black Maple

    The hard maple is the state tree of Wisconsin, Vermont, New York and West Virginia. In the North, during the cold nights and warm days of late winter, the sugar maple is tapped for its sucrose-containing sap, the source of maple syrup. It may take up to 30 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup. Early American settlers used maple ashes to make soap and Native Americans crafted their spears from hard maple. Until the turn of the century, the heels of women's shoes were made from maple. Maple has been a favorite of American furniture makers since early Colonial days. Hard maple is the standard wood for cutting boards because it imparts no taste to food and holds up well.
    DISTRIBUTION
    Eastern U.S., principally Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. A cold weather tree favoring a more northerly climate.
    GENERAL DESCRIPTION
    The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge and the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close fine, uniform texture and is generally straight-grained, but it can also occur as "curly," "fiddleback," and "birds-eye" figure.
    WORKING PROPERTIES
    Hard maple dries slowly with high shrinkage, so it can be susceptible to movement in performance. Pre-boring is recommended when nailing and screwing. With care it machines well, turns well, glues satisfactorily, and can be stained to an outstanding finish. Polishes well and is suitable for enamel finishes and brown tones.
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    The wood is hard and heavy with good strength properties, in particular its high resistance to abrasion and wear. It also has good steam-bending properties.
    AVAILABILITY
    Widely available. The higher quality grades of lumber are available selected for white color (sapwood) although this can limit availability. Figured maple (birds-eye, curly, fiddleback) is generally only available in commercial volumes as veneer.
    MAIN USES
    Flooring, furniture, paneling, ballroom and gymnasium floors, kitchen cabinets, worktops, table tops, butchers blocks, toys, and kitchenware, millwork: stairs, handrails, mouldings, and doors.
    RELATIVE ABUNDANCE
    4 percent of U.S. hardwoods commercially available.
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